Water Softener Operation

The Basics of Water Softener Operation

Hard water is an unpleasant problem that can result in rusted house pipes, spots on your dishes, and the inability to generate a lather when taking a shower or washing your clothes at home. The major culprit is calcium, and to a lesser extent magnesium and iron. There are many approaches to remove these minerals from water. The most effective approach that has long-term results is from installation of water softener. Before you run out and purchase a water softener, it is a good idea to have a review of different operations in order to understand the basics working operation of the water equipment so that you will know what to expect.

Water softener operation occurs with either a single tank or two tanks. Regardless of the model you buy, there are two separate containers involved in water softener handling. Hard water enters a resin container that is filled with tiny beads that interact with sodium crystals in a brine container. The interaction that occurs between the resin beads and the sodium crystals is called ion exchange.

As the name implies, the two elements are substituted with one another. The sodium crystals exchange places with the resin beads and cause the minerals in the hard water to “break up” so that they are removed from the water. The sodium salt crystals that remain in the resin container flow back into the water supply. Over time, the minerals causing the hard water soak the resin bead part. Regeneration repairs and restores the resin beads to their original level of sodium crystals.

There are numerous ways that the regeneration process of the operation occurs. The most common and best method is to use a design that runs the process automatically. With this method, each step in the operation of the water softener is based on a timer that is set according to the specifics of the facility, such as the average amount of water used and the time the water is least likely to need.

In contrast to the automatic alternative method is the manual approach, which requires someone to set each process in motion. This method may not appeal to many people. However, in comparison with systems that use this water softener maintenance method they are typically less expensive and allow the user to control how the water softener function works.

There is a semiautomatic method that allows you to control a portion of water softener management. This method is less common because systems designed to use this method typically are difficult to service and operate. In addition, very few commercial manufacturers produce water softeners that use this method so the availability of these systems are limited.


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